School in Iraq

The education system in Iraq is organized by the central government. It is divided into two parts. The three provinces in the northeastern part of the country have their own school system. The organization of (vocational) education is here with other national or regional institutions.
Nevertheless, from secondary education, the same qualifications are acquired and subject to the same conditions for access to institutions of higher learning.

The general compulsory education of nine years in Iraq are six years primary school and three years of secondary education. At the end of primary school takes place a compulsory, national audit.

In the three Kurdish regions the general school system is organized somewhat differently. Here the elementary school includes nine years and too ends with a national audit.
After secondary school, pupils can stay additional three years and attend high school with diploma.
Furthermore, a visit of three-year middle vocational schools is possible.

In the vocational schools three different disciplines are offered:

  • Agriculture
  • Technology and Industry
  • Economy

These three disciplines differentiate in 21 specialized fields.

The visit of the intermediate vocational school ends with the receipt of a vocational baccalauréat.
There are both state and private universities in Iraq. The latter exist since the late 1980s and are mostly founded by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.
The class schedules at universities are standardized and that the courses offered are considered to be very impractical.
Especially in the vast countrysides of Iraq the birth rate is high. There many young people have a high demand but a limited access to (vocational) education.